Why is it called COVID-19?

On February 11, 2020 the World Health Organization announced an official name for the disease that is causing the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak, first identified in Wuhan China. The new name of this disease is coronavirus disease 2019, abbreviated as COVID-19. In COVID-19, ‘CO’ stands for ‘corona,’ ‘VI’ for ‘virus,’ and ‘D’ for disease. Formerly, this disease was referred to as “2019 novel coronavirus” or “2019-nCoV”. The name of the virus that causes COVID-19 is the SARS-CoV-2 virus. There are many types of human coronaviruses including some that commonly cause mild upper-respiratory tract illnesses and other more deadly coronaviruses including SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV.  SARS stands for ‘severe acute respiratory syndrome’. COVID-19 is a new disease, caused by a novel (or new) coronavirus that has not previously been seen in humans.

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1. Why is it called COVID-19?
2. What is community spread?
3. What does fully recovered mean?
4. What is community mitigation?
5. What is herd immunity?
6. What does case count mean?
7. What is a running average and why do we use them?
8. How do you calculate case fatality rates?
9. How is cause of death determined and coded?
10. What is misinformation?